The multi-party agreement required the parties to «use all the influences they might have» to obtain the dismantling of all paramilitary weapons within two years of the adoption of the agreement by referendums. The standardization process has forced the British government to reduce the number and role of its armed forces in Northern Ireland «to a level compatible with a normal peaceful society.» These include the elimination of security measures and the abolition of special emergency powers in Northern Ireland. The Irish government has pledged to conduct a «thorough review» of its violations of national law. Northern Ireland political parties that approved the agreement were also invited to consider the creation of an independent advisory forum, which would represent civil society, with members with expertise on social, cultural, economic and other issues, and would be appointed by both administrations. In 2002, a framework structure was agreed for the North-South Advisory Forum, and in 2006 the Northern Ireland Executive agreed to support its implementation. 3. The Assembly will exercise full legislative and executive power on matters currently under the jurisdiction of the six northern Ireland departments, with the possibility of taking responsibility for other matters as described in this agreement. To encourage the parties to reach an agreement so that this obligation is maintained by a new Assembly in a way that takes into account the wishes and sensitivities of the Community. 71% voted in favour of the agreement in Northern Ireland and 94% in the Republic of Ireland. The Good Friday Agreement provided for the creation of the International Independent Commission for Decommissioning (IICD) to monitor, review and verify the complete disarmament of all paramilitary organizations.
The deadline for the end of disarmament was May 2000. The Northern Ireland Arms Decommissioning Act (1997), which received royal approval on 27 February 1997, had a provision in section 7 for the creation of an independent decommissioning commission. The law was passed before the agreement was signed in 1998. That is why the Independent International Commission for Decommissioning was established as soon as the agreement was signed and was led by Canadian General John de Chastelain (1 Disarmament did not begin in 1998).
- Posted by wbase
- On 20 diciembre, 2020
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