The Kellogg-Briand Pact was a no-war agreement, signed on August 27, 1928. Sometimes, as a Paris Pact for the city where it was signed, the pact was one of many international efforts to avoid a new world war, but it had little effect to halt the rise of militarism in the 1930s or prevent World War II. The overall objective of the agreement was for countries to agree not to use war as a means of ending international disputes. It was essential that the agreement include the United States (which was not a member of the League of Nations), which still wanted to contribute to the safeguarding of peace. On June 20, the State Department received the draft eternal friendship pact between France and the United States, drafted by Briand and transmitted through the U.S. Ambassador to Paris. The draft contained only two articles: the first stated that France and the United States were renouncing war «as an instrument of their national policy against each other», and the second declared that all conflicts between the two nations would be resolved only by «peaceful means». Secretary of State Frank B. KELLOGG and other U.S. State Department officials were uncomfortable in reaching such an agreement with France, lest it be an indirect alliance that would deprive the United States of the freedom to act if France went to war with another country.
Instead, U.S. officials preferred to extend the agreement to a multilateral treaty involving all world powers except Russia. On 28 December, Kellogg Briand therefore indicated that the United States was ready to enter into negotiations with France to conclude a treaty condemning the war and renouncing it as an instrument of national policy; If the treaty is concluded, it would be signed by all nations. The origin of the Kellogg Briand Pact was a message sent to the citizens of the United States by the French Minister of Foreign Affairs, Aristide Briand, on April 6, 1927, the tenth anniversary of the entry of the United States into WORLD WAR I. In this message, Briand announced France`s willingness to join the United States in an agreement that mutually ensewordded war. Such an agreement, Briand said, «would go a long way in the eyes of the world to broaden and strengthen the foundations on which the policy of international peace is built.» Briand`s opening to the United States was part of a broader campaign by France to form strategic alliances that would improve his national security. In addition, Briand was influenced by recent interviews with Nicholas Murray Butler and James Thomson Shotwell in the United States.
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- On 11 diciembre, 2020
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