British India annexed Assam to northeastern India in 1826 by the Treaty of Yandabo at the end of the First Anglo-Burmese War (1824-1826). After the Ensuing Anglo-Burmese Wars, all of Burma was annexed, giving the British a border with the Chinese province of Yunan. Wu Dawei, Chinese Vice Foreign Minister, who is accompanying Chinese Prime Minister Wen Jiabao on an official visit to India, told reporters after the signing ceremony that the agreement laid the groundwork for resolving the border issue between the two countries. Chinese Minister Zhou Enlai argued that the western border had never been demarcated, that the Macartney-MacDonald line, which left the Aksai Chin within China`s borders, was the only line ever proposed to a Chinese government, and that the Aksai Chin was already under Chinese jurisdiction and that negotiations should take into account the status quo.  He surprisingly criticized India for not accepting China`s «reasonable demands» for a border compromise, and that is why the border problem has proved so persistent. «If the Indian side deals with China`s concerns in the eastern part of its border,» Dai said, «the Chinese side will respond accordingly and raise India`s concerns elsewhere.» Perhaps most worryingly, China`s offensive took place despite numerous meetings of the India-China Joint Working Group and four confidence-building agreements signed in 1993, 1996, 2005 and 2012. In addition to Depsang`s presence, PLA border guards have repeatedly entered the eastern sector of Arunachal Pradesh, a state in northeastern India, and the northern sector of Ladakh. Indian politicians should clearly define China`s approach to India in order to develop an appropriate policy towards China. Three trends are noticeable in Chinese policy towards India. On the one level, it wants a further deepening of economic relations with India. Trade between the two countries has increased by 15% per year since 2007. China`s exports are more than its imports from India.
In fiscal year 2015-16, China exported $61.7 billion worth of goods to India and imported only $9 billion in goods from India. India remains an important market for Chinese products and is still an important Chinese investment centre today. That is why China wants to cooperate with India economically and often projects its willingness to make concessions. It is important to note that China`s economic cooperation strategy is not only aimed at preserving an important market, but also at getting India to accept that economic relations between the two countries are far more valuable than India`s border requirements and other issues. At the second level, Chinese diplomacy aims to control the rise of India as a power through the encirclement of India, with the help of Pakistan and other countries in our vicinity. At the third level, its military and diplomatic strategy at the indian-National border aims to deprive India of any advantage in border negotiations. India must maintain the objectives of China`s economic cooperation proposals, diplomatic maneuvers and military strategy, as well as the potential for leverage that India has in its strategic calculation vis-à-vis China, in formulating its policy towards China.
- Posted by wbase
- On 27 noviembre, 2020
- 0 Comments